Others Articles ' special Conspiracy ' Sunday Freaks 21

 
Today we would link you to the web sources where yo can find all required information about the literature and people related to Conspiracy Theories:
Articles related to conspiracy theorists.
 
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Saturday, 03 May 2014 18:07

Page 7: FreakLibrary - UFO books

This list is a quick guide to the best of the wide range of UFO books. The literature varies from naive believers to fanatic debunkers.
This list, however, features the people in the middle: the UFO researchers. They believe genuine UFOs are a mystery needing a solution. Unlike UFO researchers, the naive believers and debunkers think alike since they both believe the mystery is solved. Naive believers "know" genuine UFOs are flying saucers piloted by space beings. Debunkers "know" it is all just psychology or perhaps some as yet undiscovered physical phenomenon. However, when mainstream scholars and scientists finally accept the challenge of the UFO mystery (which they haven't for 40 years now), the naive believers will probably be closer to the truth than the debunkers.
 
In order to join the debate about the reality of the saucers, you need to read at least half of these books. If you haven't, you haven't done the first thing that any scholar or scientist does -- a literature search and perusal (peruse means to read carefully, don't forget!). Remember, your opinion is worth no more than the depth of your understanding of a topic. The UFO, strange as it may seem to some of you, has a serious literature devoted it. Yes, it's true, this literature is definitely not scientific or scholarly in the strict sense of the word, but that is simply because enough scientists and scholars are not aware of the problem of the UFO yet. Every year, especially in the eighties and nineties, more and more scientists and scholars are turning a serious eye to the problem. This is happening despite the orchestration of negative opinion promoted over the years by the intelligence establishment of the US. Sad to say, US intelligence is part and parcel of the UFO problem.
Anyone who ignores this is just plain naive.
 
Berlitz, Charles and William L. Moore. The Roswell Incident. New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1980. 168pp. ISBN 0-448-21199-8. The facts about the crash of a saucer in the summer of 1947 in New Mexico and how the US government covered it up.
 
Bowen, Charles, ed. The Humanoids. Chicago: Henry Regnery, 1969. 256pp. LC 77-126142. Good summary of the evidence compiled from material published in the British Flying Saucer Review magazine.
 
Blum, Howard. Out There: The Government Us Secret Quest for Extraterrestrials. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1990. 300pp. ISBN 0-671-66260-0. An important book since it is written by a former NY Times reporter who has written two other influential books -- one about Nazi intelligence officers brought to America illegally after WWII and the other about the Walker spy case. However, BlumUs UFO book was apparently hastily done and, thus, somewhat of a disappointment in the UFO research community.
 
Bullard, Thomas Edward. UFO Abductions: The Measure of a Mystery. Vol. 1: Comparative Study of Abduction Reports. (Bloomington, IND): Fund for UFO Research, 1987. 402pp. This study by a PhD folklorist is must reading for anyone wanting to understand the depth and breadth of the abduction enigma. Bullard concludes UFO abduction stories are much too internally consistent down to small details to be classed as traditional folklore or typical dream material.
 
Butler, Brenda, Dot Street, and Jenny Randles. Sky Crash: A Cosmic Conspiracy. Sudbury, Great Britain: Neville Spearman, 1984. 283pp. ISBN 85435-155-8. Review and analysis of the facts in the British Bentwaters-Rendlesham RAFB case.
 
Clark, Jerome. The UFO Encyclopedia, Volume 1: UFOs in the 1980s. Detroit, MI: Apogee Books, 1990. 234pp. ISBN 1-55888-301-0. This encyclopedia is mostly the author's tour de force, but still delivers valuable information not easily available elsewhere. Libraries should have this.
 
Clark, Jerome. The UFO Encyclopedia, Volume 2: The Emergence of a Phenomenon: UFOs from the Beginning through 1959. Detroit, MI: Omnigraphics, 1992. 433pp. ISBN 1-55888-301-0. The second volume of this fine work is must reading for those desiring real understanding of UFOs.
 
Colombo, John Robert. UFOs Over Canada: Personal Accounts of Sightings and Close Encounters. Willowdale, Ontario, Canada: Hounslow Press, 1991. 221pp. ISBN 0-88882-138-7. A nice book by a famous Canadian compiler of Canadiana of short UFO accounts mostly in the words of the witnesses themselves.
 
Condon, Edward U. and Daniel S. Gillmor (ed.). Final Report of the Scientific Study of Unidentified Flying Objects (Conducted by the University of Colorado Under Contract to the United States Air Force). New York: Bantam Books, 1968. 965pp. After close, competent study of over 100 UFO sighting reports, 30% couldn't be identified! Read Condon's prejudiced introduction only after you have looked through the rest of the study. The National Academy of Sciences rubber-stamped Condon's recommendations that no public funds be devoted to the study of UFOs.
 
Conroy, Ed. Report on Communion: An Independent Investigation of and Commentary on Whitley Strieber's Communion. New York: Morrow, 1989. 427pp. ISBN 0-688-08864-3. This journalist was a boyhood acquaintance of Strieber. When Strieber published Communion, Conroy decided to see if his story would hold up under an investigative journalist's scrutiny. Conroy says yes.
 
Crystall, Ellen. Silent Invasion: The Shocking Discoveries of a UFO Researcher. New York: Paragon House, 1991. 190pp. ISBN 1-55778- 493-0. A UFO researcher uses her psychic abilities to locate UFOs in the field. Interesting for showing how a scientifically naive person still understands that scientific and scholarly proof is what is needed in the end. Many hard to interpret photos accompany the text.
 
Curran, Douglas. In Advance of the Landing: Folk Concepts of Outer Space. New York: Abbeville Press, 1985. 132pp. ISBN 0-89659-523- 4. Valuable photographic presentation of UFO folklore.
 
Deardorff, James W. Celestial Teachings: The Emergence of the True Testament of Jmmanuel (Jesus). Tigard, OR: Wild Flower Press, 1990. 323pp. ISBN 0-926524-11-9. An analysis of some of the collateral material from the extensive Billy Meier contact case.
 
Delgado, Pat and Colin Andrews. Circular Evidence: A Detailed Investigation of the Flattened Swirled Crops Phenomenon. London: Bloomsbury, 1989. 190pp. ISBN 0-7475-0357-5. The first of the picture books about crop "circles". It's a very good presentation of the facts and their investigative methods. Some investigators believe UFOs may produce the "circles".
 
Druffel, Ann and D. Scott Rogo. The Tujunga Canyon Contacts. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1980. 264pp. ISBN 0-13- 932541-7. Good book about abduction/contact experiences.
 
Eberhart, George M. UFOs and the Extraterrestrial Contact Movement: a bibliography. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1986. 1298pp. ISBN 0-8108-1919-8. An outstanding listing of books, articles, movies, TV appearances, dissertations, conferences, etc., about UFOs and related phenomena. No library in America should be without it. Ask your public library to get a copy today!!
 
Emenegger, Robert. UFO's: Past, Present and Future. New York: Ballantine Books, 1974. 180pp. ISBN 345-24189-4-150. Good general book. Emenegger produced a film documentary of the same name. The US government hinted that it would give him some "real" flying saucer footage for inclusion in his film. This didn't happen.
 
Evans, Hilary and John Spencer (eds.). UFOs: 1947-1987 -- The 40- Year Search for an Explanation. London: Fortean Tomes, 1987. 384pp. ISBN 1-870021-02-9. Similar to the other book by Spencer and Evans, but more extensive. A must read for dedicated ufologists.
 
Fawcett, Lawrence and Barry J. Greenwood. Clear Intent: The Government Coverup of the UFO Experience. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1984. 259pp. ISBN 0-13-136656-4. Very important book summarizing what ufologists know from studying the thousands of FOIA-released government UFO documents. Everything but proof of crashed flying saucers is here, and it's all from FOIA-released documents!
 
Flammonde, Paris. UFO Exist! New York: Putnam, 1976. 406pp. ISBN 399-11538-2. Fine history of the subject from a radio producer/journalist. The book details the US government's involvement.
 
Fowler, Raymond E. The Andreasson Affair. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1979. 239pp. ISBN 0-13-036608-0. First book about a now famous abductee, Betty Andreasson Luca.
 
Good, Timothy. Above Top Secret: The Worldwide UFO Cover-Up. New York: William Morrow, 1988. 592pp. ISBN 0-688-07860-5. The most important book about the on-going government cover-up.
 
Good, Timothy. Alien Liaison: The Ultimate Secret. London: Century, 1991. 242pp. ISBN 0-7126-2194-6. A reliable introduction to the wilder tales circulating in the UFO subculture in the 70s, 80s, and 90s. The bizarre nature of what is known makes a prudent investigator reluctant to throw out any information. Some of this will turn out to be true after it is put through the academic mill in the 1990s and beyond. Not for the timid or intellectually rigid.
 
Haines, Richard F., ed. UFO Phenomena and the Behavioral Scientist. Metuchen, N.J.: The Scarecrow Press, 1979. 450pp. ISBN 0-8108- 1228-2. Scholarly book of papers on how eyewitnesses report UFOs and what cultural factors influence UFO reports.
 
Haines, Richard F. Advanced Aerial Devices Reported During the Korean War. Los Altos, CA: LDA Press, 1990. 75pp. ISBN 0-9618082- 1-7. An important study of early military UFO sightings.
 
Haines, Richard F. Melbourne Episode: Case Study of a Missing Pilot. Los Altos, CA: L. D. A. Press, 1987. 275pp. ISBN 0-88229-540-3. Detailed review and analysis of the Australian Valentich airplane abduction case.
 
Haines, Richard F. Observing UFOs: An Investigative Handbook. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1980. 300pp. ISBN 0-88229-540-3. Exceedingly cautious scientific study of mostly night lights and daylight discs categories of UFOs.
 
Hall, Richard. Uninvited Guests: A Documented History of UFO Sightings, Alien Encounters & Coverups. Santa Fe, NM: Aurora Press, 1988. 381pp. ISBN 0-943358-32-9. A very good summary of the whole field of ufology. Highly recommended as a place to start.
 
Hendry, Allan. The UFO Handbook: A Guide to Investigating, Evaluating, and Reporting UFO Sightings. Garden City, NY: Doubleday (Dolphin), 1979. 297pp. ISBN 0-385-14348-6. The best study of the subject. About 1300 UFO reports, all happening within the year and a half of the study's duration, are dissected. 8.6% fall into the genuine UFOs category, that is, essentially flying saucers, whatever they are!
 
Hopkins, Budd. Intruders: The Incredible Visitations at Copley Woods. New York: Random House, 1987. 223pp. ISBN 0-394-56076-0. HopkinsU second book. He says it is likely that aliens are mixing our genes with theirs, and this is a major purpose of the abductions.
 
Hopkins, Budd. Missing Time: A Documented Study of UFO Abductions. New York: Richard Marek, 1981. 258pp. ISBN 0-399-90102-7. Hopkins' first book about abductions.
 
Holroyd, Stuart. Alien Intelligence. New York: Everest House, 1979. 231pp. ISBN 0-89696-040-4. An excellent book by a student of the paranormal that compares the different kinds of intelligence, including ET intelligence and "disembodied" intelligence.
 
Hynek, J. Allen, Philip J. Imbrogno, and Bob Pratt. Night Siege: The Hudson Valley UFO Sightings. New York: Ballantine Books, 1987. 208pp. ISBN 0-345-34213-5. About the early 1980s boomerang UFO flap involving thousands of sightings.
 
Hynek, J. Allen. The UFO Experience: A Scientific Inquiry. New York: Ballantine Books, 1972. 309pp. ISBN 345-23953-9-150. The father of modern ufology writes a solid book about the subject.
 
Jacobs, David Michael. Secret Life: Firsthand Accounts of UFO Abductions. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992. 336pp. ISBN 0-671- 74857-2. The most important book on UFO abductions so far. Start here because the presentation is a just the facts, ma'am, blow by blow account of what Jacobs believes is happening. He says essential aspects of all abductions are absolutely real in ordinary perceptual and space-time reality. However, there are definite perceptual and space-time anomalies too. When people report that they had a missing time experience of two hours, Jacobs says they are actually bodily missing from planet Earth, or at least human beings cannot find them on Earth! A warning to extreme skeptics and debunkers: this book may be hazardous to your mental health!
 
Jacobs, David Michael. The UFO Controversy in America. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1975. 362pp. ISBN 0- 253-19006-1. A historian's review of ufology up to the date of publication.
 
Keyhoe, Donald E. Aliens from Space: The Real Story of Unidentified Flying Objects. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1973. 322pp. Keyhoe says the US government has crashed saucers and alien bodies. He's probably right. The last of Keyhoe's five books about UFOs.
 
Kinder, Gary. Light Years: An Investigation into the Extraterrestrial Experiences of Eduard Meier. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1987. 265pp. ISBN 0-87113-139-0. Easy introduction to the complex Billy Meier case. The case is noted for outstanding photos and film of UFOs and extensive contact notes.
 
Knight, David C. UFOs: A Pictorial History From Antiquity to the Present. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1979. 192pp. ISBN 0-07-035103-1. UFO photos galore.
 
Lindemann, Michael. UFOs and the Alien Presence: Six Viewpoints. Santa Barbara, CA: The 2020 Group, 1991. 233pp. ISBN 0-9630104- 0-9. Oh, what to do with all the disparate UFO evidence! Learn here how UFO luminaries Stanton Friedman, Budd Hopkins, Linda Howe, Don Ware, Bob Lazar, and an anonymous probable abductee make sense of it all, well, some small portion, anyway.
 
Lorenzen, Coral and Jim Lorenzen. Flying Saucer Occupants. New York: New American Library (Signet), 1967. 215pp. One of many important books by longtime UFO researchers and directors of the UFO investigative organization, APRO. Both deceased today, but not forgotten for their lasting contribution to ufology.
 
McCambell, James M. UFOLOGY: A Major Breakthrough in the Scientific Understanding of Unidentified Flying Objects. Millbrae, CA: Celestial Arts, 1976. 184pp. ISBN 0-89087-144-2. Straightforward analysis of probable physics of UFO phenomena.
 
Noyes, Ralph, ed. The Crop Circle Enigma: Grounding the Phenomenon in Science, Culture and Metaphysics. Bath, UK: Gateway Books, 1990. 192pp. ISBN 0-946551-66-9. More facts and speculation about the "agriglyphs".
 
Randle, Kevin D. and Donald R. Schmitt. UFO Crash at Roswell. New York: Avon, 1991. 327pp. ISBN 0-380-76196-3. The authors don't back down. They say they have proved beyond a reasonable doubt that a flying saucer -- not a UFO -- crashed in NM in the summer of 1947. Get off your duff. Prove them wrong!
 
Randles, Jenny. Abduction: Over 200 Documented UFO Kidnappings Investigated. London: Robert Hale, 1988. 240pp. ISBN 0-7090-3276- 5. A British UFO researcher does a book about abductions. It is important for showing that abductions are not just a North (or South) American phenomenon.
 
Randles, Jenny. From Out of the Blue: The Incredible UFO Cover-up at Bentwaters NATO Air Base. New Brunswick, NJ: Global Communications, 1991. 192pp. ISBN 0-938294-08-3. Randles treats us to the latest, updated information on the Bentwaters RAFB, Great Britain, landing of December 1980.
 
Randles, Jenny. The UFO Conspiracy: The First Forty Years. New York: Blanford Press, 1987. 224pp. ISBN 0-7137-1972-9. Excellent summary of the worldwide coverup of UFO information.
 
Randles, Jenny. UFO Reality: A Critical Look at the Physical Evidence. London: Robert Hale, 1983. 248pp. ISBN 0-7090-1080-X. Very good presentation of the range of evidence for genuine UFO reality.
 
Randles, Jenny and Peter Warrington. Science and the UFOs. Oxford, U.K.: Basil Blackwell, 1985. 215pp. ISBN 0-631-13563-4. Why the science establishment doesn't recognize and study UFOs.
 
Ruppelt, Edward J. The Report of Unidentified Flying Objects. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1956. 277pp. Written by a former head of the AF's Project Blue Book public relations UFO effort. "Brand New Enlarged Edition Latest, Up-to-the-minute Facts on UFO!" on dust jacket. No indication whatsoever inside the new edition that it differs from the earlier edition by the addition of three extra (debunking) chapters. Without the dust jacket you would never know there are two distinct editions of this classic UFO book. Some UFO researchers speculate that the Air Force/CIA was displeased enough with Ruppelt's pro-UFO first edition that they made him include the last three chapters in the "new edition"!
 
Sagan, Carl and Thorton Page, eds. UFO's -- A Scientific Debate. New York: Norton, 1972. 310pp. ISBN 0-393-00739-1. Appeared shortly after the Condon Committee Report said once again that saucers don't exist so they won't be studied by science. UFO proponents, debunkers, and honest skeptics have their say here.
 
Salisbury, Frank B. The Utah UFO Display: A Biologist's Report. Old Greenwich, CN: Devin-Adair, 1974. 286pp. ISBN 0-8159-7000-5. Straightforward recounting of UFO events in Utah 1966-1973 with some intelligent speculation about what it might mean.
 
Saunders, David R. and R. Roger Harkins. UFOs? Yes! Where the Condon Committee Went Wrong. New York: World Publishing, 1968. 256pp. LC 68-59202. This book was written by a scientist (Saunders) fired by Condon when he leaked a confidential department memo that made it clear that the Condon UFO Study was a sham.
 
Schwarz, Berthold E. UFO Dynamics: Psychiatric and Psychic Aspects of the UFO Syndrome. Moore Haven, FL: Rainbow Books, 1988. 560pp. ISBN 0-935834-64-8. A psychiatrist deals with the psychic components of the UFO phenomena.
 
Scully, Frank. Behind the Flying Saucers. New York: Henry Holt, 1950. 230pp. The first book in English about UFOs. Hollywood reporter talks about crashed discs that have only become plausible to mainstream investigators again in the 1980s.
 
Sitchin, Zecharia. The 12th Planet. New York: Avon, 1978. 436pp. ISBN 0-380-39362-X. This lay scholar/journalist presents the best documented ancient astronaut evidence in his series of books -- this being the first one.
 
Spencer, John and Hilary Evans, eds. Phenomenon: Forty Years of Flying Saucers. New York: Avon Books, 1988. 413pp. ISBN 0-380- 70654-7. Essays about ufology from prominent ufologists in America and Europe. Good for seeing that UFOs are a worldwide phenomenon.
 
Story, Ronald, ed. The Encyclopedia of UFOs. Garden City, NY: Doubleday (Dolphin Books), 1980. 440pp. ISBN 0-385-11681-0. The best of the encyclopedic books on UFOs. Don't miss this. Get your local library to buy a copy.
 
Strieber, Whitley. Communion: A True Story. New York: William Morrow, 1987. 299pp. ISBN 0-688-07086-8. Bestselling book by previously bestselling author. It's about his probable abductions.
 
Thompson, Keith. Angels and Aliens: UFOs and the Mythic Imagination. New York: Addison-Wesley, 1991. 283pp. ISBN 0-201- 55084-9. A minor lay scholar of the Jungian school takes on the UFO. His history of the field should be read by all UFO investigators. He suspects there might be a "real" component to UFOs, but his emphasis is on the mythic aspects, which may be more important in the final analysis anyway.
 
Vallee, Jacques. Confrontations: A Scientist's Search for Alien Contact. New York: Ballantine Books, 1990. 263pp. ISBN 0-345- 36453-8. Vallee is back to presenting "hard evidence" again instead of speculation. Some Brazilian peasants were killed in apparent encounters with UFOs.
 
Vallee, Jacques. Dimensions: A Casebook of Alien Contact. New York: Contemporary Books, 1988. 304pp. ISBN 0-8092-4586-8. The best statement of Vallee's thesis -- UFOs are a manifestation of a time immemorial alien control system.
 
Vallee, Jacques. Messengers of Deception: UFO Contacts and Cults. Berkeley, CA: And/Or Press, 1979. 243pp. ISBN 0-915904-38-1. Just what the title says. Vallee adds to our understanding of the cultural effects of UFOs.
 
Vallee, Jacques. Passport to Magonia: From Folklore to Flying Saucers. Chicago: Henry Regnery, 1969. 372pp. ISBN 0-8092-8330-1. A study of the surprising parallels between fairy lore and modern accounts of UFO beings.
 
Vallee, Jacques. UFO Chronicles of the Soviet Union: A Cosmic Samizdat. New York: Ballantine Books, 1992. 212pp. ISBN 0-345- 37396-0. Vallee turns away from excessive American ufologist bashing to give us a reasonable rundown on the latest in Russian UFOs and ufology. It's been as bad over there as it has been elsewhere. The aliens seem to be equal opportunity abusers the world over.
Communal living was not a new phenomenon, but did see resurgence in the United States during the decades of the 1960’s and 1970’s. With the beginning of the youth counterculture movement and Hippies, many thousands of communes were established between 1967 & 1975 throughout the country. The reasons behind these communes ranged from the religious to the drug related and everything in between. Most were founded as a way of “dropping out” of the establishment, hoping to reshape the capitalistic ways the United States was decaying into. The amount of research and interest in this subject has grown exponentially in the last ten years. As the participants of these communes have aged they have written numerous accounts of those years. The social repercussions of the counterculture and the communes have been of great interest to students, social scientists and psychologists.

Today we will recommend you few books and other sources to dig out the true information about communal living in 60’s.

AUTOBIOGRAPHIES & PERSONAL JOURNALS
There are many books written on this subject, most are first-hand accounts by the participants in the communes, and their experiences as part of the counterculture. These are mainly personal journals, diaries and autobiographies. Although these sources may not be completely accurate and somewhat fictional they will give the researcher much information and will lead them to other pertinent sources. These books may be the starting point to pique interest and give the researcher the questions he will need to do further research.

Coyote, P.  (1998). Sleeping where I fall: a chronicle. Washington DC. Counterpoint.
This book is a first-hand chronicle of the authors life, it covers many years and many difference experiences of the counterculture and communal living.  The author was one of the founding members of Black Bear Ranch, probably the most well-known commune of the era. It also traces his personal transition and elevation to actor and writer.

Kopecky, A. (2004).  New buffalo: Journals from a taos commune (1sted.). Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
This book also chronicles the establishment and the day to day life on a commune by one of the founders. It is written as a daily journal and published much as it was written at the time. An excellent first-hand account for the researcher to gain insight into the life on a commune.

Price, R.  (2004). Huerfano: A memoir of life in the counterculture. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.
This book follows the life of the author, a graduate student at the University of Massachusetts, it chronicles her visiting of the communes in New Mexico while doing her thesis and her eventual relocating to the commune. It illustrates how communal living progressed from the “dream” of a new society to the reality of making the commune work. An excellent source from a participant on all the major problems associated with communal living.

BOOKS OF INTEREST
There have been many books, other than autobiographies and personal journals, written on the subject of communes. There are many more dealing with the counterculture and specifically the hippie culture.  I found one particular author, Timothy Miller, who has done extensive research on the subject and written many books. I have included three of them here, but browsing in the area above will lead you to many more.

Miller, T. (1991). The hippies and American values (1st ed.). Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press.
This book was compiled by extensive field work by the researchers. Timothy Miller dedicated much time in interviews and compiling the data used in this book. Topics range widely from all areas of interest, including the communal living experiment.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Miller, T. (1998). The quest for utopia in twentieth-century America (1st ed.). Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press.
The first in a series of three, this book covers the period from 1900-1960, a period thought to not have many communes. Most of the communes of this period were religious based. This book sets the mark for future communes.

Miller, T. (1999). The 60s communes : Hippies and beyond (1st ed.). Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press.
This is the second book in Miller’s series on communal living and communes in America.  There was extensive research done by the members of “The 60’s Commune Project.” More than 500 interviews were conducted as well as other research, this book is essential for the researcher on the subject of communes. He is currently working on the third book which will detail the communal phenomenon to the present.

Miller, T. (1990). American communes, 1860-1960 : A bibliography. New York: Garland Pub.

Wagner, J. (1982). Sex roles in contemporary American communes. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Horowitz, M., Walls, K., (1988). An annotated bibliography of timothy leary. Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books.

Coyote, P. (1998). Sleeping where I fall: a chronicle. Washington DC. Counterpoint.

Kopecky, A. (2004). New buffalo: Journals from a taos commune (1sted.). Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Price, R. (2004). Huerfano: A memoir of life in the counterculture. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.

Miller, T. (1991). The hippies and American values (1st ed.). Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press.

McCleary, J. B., & 4. (2004). The hippie dictionary : A cultural encyclopedia (and phraseicon) of the 1960s and 1970s (Rev. and expand ed.). Berkeley, Calif.: Ten Speed Press.

Hamilton, N. A. (1997). The ABC-CLIO companion to the 1960s counterculture in America. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Abc-Clio.


INTERNET SOURCES
The internet resources are especially useful when researching, the sources are accessible from many locations, and now the amount of sources is extraordinary. I would like to include many more sites than I have, but these seem to be the most credible and interesting sites available. I searched Google with keywords “sixties” and “communes.”

 
The Hippie Museum: The Sixties Communes.
This website is maintained today by the members and founders of many of the communes of the era. I found it well put together, informative and factually based. The links to other sites were easy to navigate and the information credible..
http://www.hippiemuseum.org/communes.html

The Digger Archives: San Francisco Diggers 1966-68…and beyond.
This site is established and maintained by many of the original “Diggers” of the San Francisco area in the sixties. They were well known for the “free food, free land” theory that many of the communes used as their doctrine. A well put together and easy to navigate website, I found the information credible and factual, as well as interesting.  .
http://www.diggers.org/

Lisa Law: A Visual Journey: Photographs by Lisa Law 1965-1971.
This site is accessible through the Smithsonian National Museum of American History, and chronicles her time living on a commune. Law is a well-known and respected artist, writer and activist.  I found her account to be credible and interesting.
 http://americanhistory.si.edu/lisalaw/1.htm
We are sure, none of you, Freaks ever tried any drugs. Specially LSD, MDMA, Mescaline, 2CB, DMT or (no no no) –cocaine. Great! Because all of us know from the childhood, that DRUGS ARE BAD!
Especially bad drugs!

This week we decided to publish a compilation of the articles dedicated to abnormal usage of illegal substances and it result. We also will do the research in Celebrity World to check the situation there.

Is it good or bad – it is your decision and opinion.

We just want to remind you that only Healthy Body keeps Healthy Spirit!!
So, here we go.
 
Intelligence doesn’t preclude people from taking drugs any more than fame does. When those who are under stress need to relax, some turn to drugs or drink as an escape from reality. Others do it because they believe it enhances their creativity or allows them to stay awake when needed. Of course, some go nuts and cut off their ear in a drunken rage. Just because you are a genius doesn’t mean you’re sensible.
 
1. Aleister Crowley
Aleister Crowley was one of the preeminent magicians of the early twentieth century, along with being a cultist, poet, and mountaineer. He was Victorian England’s bad boy, and he rebelled against so-called polite society. Naturally this involved taking large quantities of drugs, including heroin, mescaline, cocaine, solvents, and more cocaine. This doesn’t include the usual gamut of alcohol and cannabis, either. He described his experiences as being magic. Crowley was less accepting of other people, however, once stating that Jews were only one step above cannibals.
 
2. Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens is in part responsible for the idea of a white Christmas, of all things, but his main vice lay in a much darker substance: opium. The man who brought us A Christmas Carol, A Tale of Two Cities, and David Copperfield would retire at the end of a long day writing to puff on a hookah filled with poppy latex. He died of a stroke, which may have been caused partially by opium use.
 
3. Ernest Hemingway
Ernest Hemingway might well be one of America’s top authors and journalists of the early to mid-twentieth century. He even won a Nobel Prize for his work. However, alcohol would be a constant companion, particularly in his later years. He perhaps summed up what every writer has known: “Writing, at its best, is a lonely life.” Drinking likely exacerbated a medical condition he had that led to mental confusion and depression. Hemingway eventually took his life.
 
4. Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe is considered a major figure in the American Romantic movement, and he is famous for his poems and stories, many of which dealt with the macabre. “Quoth the raven, ‘Nevermore’” is perhaps one of the most well-known refrains from a poem. Like Hemingway after him, he had a major addiction to alcohol, using it to dull the pain of a stressful life that often saw him beset with financial and personal problems. His death remains a mystery, however, as it happened in very odd circumstances.
 
5. Howard Hughes
Whether Howard Hughes was addicted to opiates remains a matter of contention. However, he did take a lot of opiates throughout his life, perhaps to quell his mind initially. However, numerous crashes in experimental aircraft took their toll on his health, and he started injecting opiates into the muscle. There is no doubt he was a genius, however; he helped design numerous aircraft, created and directed a number of films, and even made a prototype hospital bed that was the basis of those used today. He eventually became a recluse.
 
6. John Lilly
John Lilly focused on the emerging science of consciousness in the 1950s, and he started off with sensory isolation-aided by a dark tank that was soundproofed, so subjects could float in complete isolation. This research on consciousness was expanded to include drugs in the 1960s, and he quickly started experimenting with LSD and ketamine. He also claimed to speak with dolphins and tried to teach them a language. This use of LSD would affect his work substantially during this period, and it left him ostracized from his peers who were conducting work in a normal manner. Scientist have tried to replicate his work with dolphins and have consistently reported “difficulties.” In short: Lilly’s work was partially based on his drug use.
 
7. Kurt Cobain
Kurt Cobain is perhaps famous for his unintelligible style of singing as for his influence on the grunge scene. Let’s be honest: how many people can understand all the lyrics to Smells Like Teen Spirit? His use of heroin worried people, though, and in 1994, he joined the 27 club: a litany of stars who have died at the age of 27 due to suicide, alcohol, or drug use. In Cobain’s case, it was suicide, presumably exacerbated by his heavy heroin habit. Nirvana split up soon after.
 
8. Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe is legendary for her stage performances, and she’s often cast as a blonde bimbo. The bimbo had a brain, and she knew how to use it. Unfortunately, barbiturates were her undoing, and they may have contributed to her overdose. She was also known for doctor shopping—where a patient goes to multiple doctors to get the same prescription drugs—and her alcohol consumption. It seems implausible that her death was due to any conspiracy; all the hallmarks of addiction were there, and in many ways, it was sadly inevitable.
 
9. Philip K. Dick
Philip K. Dick wrote dozens of novels about his own experiences of paranoia, schizophrenia, and drug abuse. His most famous novel, Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?, was turned into a major film, Blade Runner. Total Recall, Minority Report, and Next were also based on books of his. He was known for taking drugs, particularly amphetamines. He also reportedly had a religious experience while on Darvon. Either way, his drug use brought about numerous incredibly well-written novels, but he paid for it with his health. He suffered a stroke at the age of 53.
 
10. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was a Russian composer who produced rousing orchestral scores such as the 1812 Overture and delicate operas such as Swan Lake and the Nutcracker. Russia in the late nineteenth century was a bit of a dismal place, and alcohol rapidly became Tchaikovsky’s crutch. He also struggled with depression throughout his life.
 
11. Robert Downey Jr.
Robert Downey Jr. was perhaps the ultimate junkie, hooked as he was on pretty much everything. After the success of Chaplin in 1992 and Natural Born Killers, he started partying hard, eventually being arrested multiple times between 1996 and 2001. He admitted to smoking crack, trying heroin, and pretty much doing every single drug under the sun. Still, he eventually managed to clean up his act, and we look forward to him reprising the role of Iron Man. Or something equally amazing.
 
12. Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Georgian and Victorian poets have a reputation for being rather hedonistic, and Samuel Taylor Coleridge was no exception. He’s famous for his poems, particularly Kubla Khan and the Rime of the Ancient Mariner, but his opium habit shocked society when it was revealed in 1822. He reportedly suffered from anxiety, leading many to speculate that he had bipolar disorder, and he would self-medicate with opium or laudanum. He even wrote about suffering withdrawal symptoms when he ran out. However, this merely glamorized the use of drugs at the time, and he implied he was a poet whose inspiration relied on drugs.
 
13. Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud was a great proponent of cocaine, recommending its use for numerous diseases and symptoms. Freud was aware of cocaine’s uses as an anesthetic, but he also claimed it cured a friend’s morphine addiction—one that was demonstrated not to be true a few months later. Freud would also regularly take cocaine for depression and migraines. One good thing may have come out of Freud’s drug use: he created psychoanalytic theory while high, which explains a number of his assertions. However, this spurred research into psychiatry and psychoanalysis, which forms the basis of modern mental health.
 
14. Stephen King
Stephen King is one of the foremost writers in the world, and he used a huge cocktail of drugs to get there. While most people use one or perhaps two drugs, King used cocaine, Xanax, Valium, NyQuil, beer, tobacco, and marijuana to get him through the day. His family eventually staged an intervention, dumping all the evidence of his addiction in front of him. He would later say that he doesn’t even remember writing some of his books; he was that much off his face.
 
15. Ulysses S. Grant
Being the president of an entire country must be stressful; being the second one after Lincoln and the civil war must’ve been even harder. Ulysses S. Grant, however, was no stranger to alcohol—he’d already been repeatedly disciplined while in the army for drinking to excess. During the Civil War, he rose to prominence as a leader, although one prone to occasional binges when he was defeated. However, his later years and the presidency saw few of the binges seen in the 1850s. Perhaps he was too busy.
 
16. Vincent van Gogh
Vincent van Gogh is a well-known painter who was beset with numerous health issues throughout his life. His paintings such as Starry Night and Sunflowers sell for millions on the open market, but throughout his life, he was a penniless artist. His chronic alcoholism, particularly with the notorious absinthe, would exacerbate his condition, although what condition he had is a matter of debate. Either way, it’s generally agreed that his infatuation with liquor didn’t help him, and he died after shooting himself in the chest.
 
17. William Wilberforce
William Wilberforce is perhaps best known for being the leader of movement to abolish the slave trade in Britain, but this social reformer wasn’t without his flaws. His use of opium was originally used to relieve the pain of gastrointestinal distress, but in many ways, it would exacerbate the condition. Ironically, the opium that provided him with pain relief would be grown by slaves in many cases.
 
18. Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill is pretty much the face of World War Two Britain. He was notorious for drinking whisky, although to say that he was an addict might be a misnomer. He did, however, take amphetamines repeatedly to be able to stay up and plan the war. His resilience inspired many, but he paid for it with his health. The Allied forces won the war, however, although at an appalling cost.
 
19. Sherlock Holmes
Fuctional characters don’t have it easy either, and Sherlock Holmes was one of them. A recent study estimates Holmes’ IQ at 190, well above genius level. Conan Doyle, the creator of Sherlock Holmes, gave him a major cocaine addiction—so much so Conan Doyle wrote that Holmes kept a special syringe with which he would inject a 7 percent solution of cocaine when he felt understimulated.
 
20. Dr. Gregory House
Finally, a more contemporary character is Dr. Gregory House, played by Hugh Laurie. His use of hydrocodone, normally in the form of Vicodin, is as legendary as his disheveled appearance and his limp. There is no doubt that House is a genius, but he was certainly a flawed one. With numerous parallels to Holmes, House charmed us on screen, although it’s a bit of a departure from Hugh Laurie’s usual roles.
Published in NEWS Archives
Today we would like to publish the list of fiction employing Parallel Universes or Alternate Realities.
Some of them are World famous novels, but more are absolutely unknown.
Good for you. At least you have new books to read while you are stoned.
 
Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, wrote The Blazing World (1666), a book far ahead of its time, in which the heroine passes through a portal near the North Pole to a world with different stars in the sky and talking animals.
 
Edwin Abott Abbott, mathematician and theologian, wrote Flatland (1884), also known as Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions. It recounts the story of a two-dimensional world inhabited by living geometric figures: triangles, squares, circles, etc., and explores concepts of other dimensions (or universes) including Pointland, Lineland, and Spaceland. A feature film adaptation of this novella was made in 2007 called "Flatland" Flatland (2007 film)
 
Murray Leinster's story "Sidewise in Time" (1934), showing different parts of the Earth somehow occupied by different parallel universes, was influential in science fiction.
 
Piers Anthony wrote the "Of Man and Manta" series (Omnivore, Orn, and Ox) in which a group of three scientists explores worlds in parallel universes.
 
H. Beam Piper, the author of the Paratime series, wrote several stories dealing with alternate realities based on points of divergence far in the past. The stories are usually written from the perspective of a law-enforcement outfit from a parallel reality which is charged to protect the secret of temporal transposition.
 
Fredric Brown's What Mad Universe recounts the adventures of a science-fiction editor of the late 1940s who is thrown into a parallel universe that reflects the fantasies of his most annoying letter-to-the-editor writer (an adolescent male, naturally).
 
Isaac Asimov's novel The Gods Themselves depicts scientists in our universe who find a way to "import" small amounts of matter from a universe having different physical laws, with unforeseen consequences. "The End of Eternity," also by Asimov, likewise deals with the existence of and interactions between multiple timelines, though these multiple interacting universes are depicted as the result of meddling in a single timeline by outside entities (the "eternals"), and therefore do not exist simultaneously, as do those in "The Gods Themselves."
 
K. A. Applegate's series, Everworld (1999–2001): Several teenagers travel into a parallel world occupied by the mythological beings of Earth.
 
Brandon Mull's series, Beyonders (2011-2013): Depicts the multiverse as being divided into an enormous set of "normal" universes, including ours (the beyond), and one intelligently created universe set apart from all others (Lyrian). It's strongly implied in the novels that it's only possible to travel from the "beyond" to Lyrian, or from Lyrian to the beyond. The only thing connecting the individual universes of the beyond is the possibility of traveling to Lyrian. This would mean that the only possible place for things from different universes within the beyond to meet is Lyrian.
 
Stephen King's series The Dark Tower has doors that send travelers to different parallel Earths, or, as termed in the story, different levels of the Tower. King also frequently utilizes this idea in other stories, such as The Mist, From A Buick 8, The Talisman, Black House and Insomnia.
 
Robert A. Heinlein's novel The Number of the Beast is focused around a 'time machine' that also proves to be able to travel sideways and other directions in time, allowing for crossing into other realities, even ones previously considered fictional by the protagonists.
 
S. M. Stirling's novel Conquistador is based on travel between parallel universes, with a group of 20th century Americans having found a means to secretly colonize a world where civilization never advanced past the classical era.
 
Globus Cassus is a book describing a utopian project for a universe contrary to ours; it describes an antipode to the 'real' world.
 
The Wheel of Time by Robert Jordan series features not only one cyclic universe, but many. In one particular instance, Rand al'Thor's, the main protagonist's mind, is deluged by possibilities for his own life, and in all of these possibilities he dies before defeating the Dark One and is taunted by him a moment before death. Also in the Wheel of Time universe, Tel'aran'rhiod, the world of dreams, is said to touch this world and also many other worlds. Dreamers, those who walk the dream and can control the world of dreams to some extent, can go to a place where they see a vast darkness filled with countless pinpricks of light. These pinpricks of light are said to represent not only the dreams of those sleeping in this world but also the dreams of sleepers from other parallel worlds. Some of these parallel worlds are called Mirror Worlds, and represent what could have been had various events in history happened in different ways. Mirror Worlds can be physically visited through the use of a device called a Portal Stone, but the less likely the existence of the Mirror World was the less substantial and real it felt to the visitor.
 
Diana Wynne Jones' Chrestomanci series revolves around the duty of the Chrestomanci to regulate magic in the twelve related worlds. These worlds have alternate histories, in which some people may exist only in a few worlds. It is necessary that the Chrestomanci must exist in only one, because this gives him the nine lives needed for his role. Other works of Jones' that include parallel universes: The Magid series; Deep Secret and The Merlin Conspiracy in which the multiverse is shaped like an infinity sign and contains Ayewards and Naywards. The Derkholm series: Dark Lord of Derkholm and its sequel Year of the Griffin in which Pilgrims come from a parallel world for Mr. Chesney's offworld tours. In Howl's Moving Castle, though it does not play a major part in the plot, the wizard Howl is actually from our world. In A Tale of Time City, the main character, Vivian, is kidnapped and taken to Time City, a city out of time and space. Along with her new friends and past kidnappers Jonathan and Sam, she hunts through time and space for the polarites that are gradually being stolen. In A Sudden Wild Magic a group of benevolent witches set out to stop the magicians of Arth who steal ideas, technology, and innovations from Earth. In Hexwood, the machine Bannus sucks potential Reigners from all over the universe into the Wood. In The Homeward Bounders Jamie is made into a Homeward Bounder by "Them" which means he must constantly travel from world to world until he finds his home again.
 
John DeChancie's Castle Perilous series tells of a huge magical castle containing portals to 144,000 worlds, including Earth.
 
Stephen R. Donaldson's Mordant's Need series, which includes The Mirror of Her Dreams and A Man Rides Through, follows a heroine who can pass into another world through mirrors.
 
In The Chronicles of Thomas Covenant series, also by Stephen R. Donaldson, main character Thomas Covenant is transported to another world called The Land. Each time he travels to The Land corresponds to an injury in the real world that leaves him unconscious. While in The Land, time passes at a different rate from that on Earth: where a year may be spent in The Land, mere minutes will have passed on Earth. In The Land there is great power and magic wielded by the Lords of Revelstone, the rulers of The Land, who fight against The Land's ancient enemy, Lord Foul. Lord Foul was imprisoned in the Land by the Creator after corrupting the Land during its creation. He constantly seeks to use Covanent's Wild Magic in order to break the Arch of Time and gain his freedom. In the First Chronicles, Covenant finds another man, Hile Troy, from his world who has entered the Land. Troy worked for the Defense Department for the United States, and employed his knowledge in leading the armies of the Land against Foul. In the Second and Last Chronicles, he is accidentally accompanied to the Land by a doctor, Linden Avery. Linden is forced to accept what Covenant tells her about the Land, as she has never been there before.
 
H. G. Wells wrote what is apparently the first explicit paratime novel, Men Like Gods (1923), complete with a multiverse theory and a paratime machine.
 
In C. S. Lewis' classic Chronicles of Narnia series (1950–1956) children come and go between our world and Narnia, a land populated by talking animals. In The Magician's Nephew the Wood between the Worlds gives access to several worlds. In The Last Battle it transpires that all the worlds are joined together by a form of heaven.
 
Philip Pullman's His Dark Materials series (1995–2000) deals with two children who wander through multiple worlds, opening and closing windows between them. The final book elaborates the same idea (as C.S. Lewis') that all the worlds share a common heaven, and in this case, underworld.
 
Jasper Fforde's Thursday Next series is set in a parallel universe which is very similar to ours but has (amusingly) different history. For example Britain and Russia are still fighting the Crimean War in 1985. As the story develops, the world of fiction also emerges as another parallel universe and the characters learn how to move between them.
 
The German series Perry Rhodan sometimes deals with parallel universes and "pararealities." Each universe has a "strangeness" value that indicates to what extent its physical laws differ from those of our universe. Travel to another universe results in a "strangeness shock" that can disable electronics and leave intelligent beings unconscious for some time.
 
In L. Neil Smith's The Probability Broach series of novels' characters from several different universes end up in one universe where American history took a different turn in the aftermath of the Revolution, with Albert Gallatin assisting the western Pennsylvania farmers of the Whiskey Rebellion, which culminates in George Washington's execution and the rise of a libertarian republic under a revised Articles of Confederation.
 
In James P. Hogan's Paths to Otherwhere (1996), scientists at the Los Alamos Laboratory create a machine QUADAR which allow them to swap conscious with people in parallel universes. They explore various parallel universes.
 
In Kia Asamiya's manga novel Space Battleship Nadesico, written alongside the series Martian Successor Nadesico but altering severely as the course of the story runs, the Jupiterians that are attacking Earth come from a parallel universe, the portal of which is in the red storm visible on Jupiter as a red spot. In their world, Japan won World War II, and because of their strong religious Shinto beliefs, their Gods did not die out, and they were able to use this magic to help strengthen their technology. However, their sun died out prematurely, and so they have come to our world to steal the energy from our sun to save their world.
 
Neil Gaiman's novella Coraline deals with a parallel universe called the "Other World" in which Coraline's surroundings are the same but the people who are supposed to be her parents are actually evil impostors. The novella spawned a film of the same name that deals with the same plot and use of parallel universes.
 
Sergey Lukyanenko's novel Rough Draft (2005) takes place across the multiverse of at least 22 worlds (it was implied that there were actually more worlds that haven't been discovered yet) linked together by a series of tower-like transfer points.
 
I, Q is a 2000 Star Trek novel by Peter David and John de Lancie in which God attempts to destroy the multiverse in a large multi-universe maelstrom which the protagonists attempt to stop from within a newly created universe caused by the maelstrom.
 
In D. J. MacHale's The Pendragon Adventure series there are ten different parallel universes (including our own), called territories, that are part of Halla, which is described as being every time and place that ever existed. Certain people, called Travelers, are able to go between the territories through portals known as Flumes. It is claimed that by traveling through a Flume, Travelers land on their destination territory exactly when they need to be there, suggesting time travel.
 
In Robert J Sawyer's Neanderthal Parallax series (2003) a parallel historical universe exists in which it was Neanderthals not Homo sapiens who survived to become the dominant species. In a quantum physics experiment gone wrong a Neanderthal scientist is accidentally transported into the universe of Homo sapiens. Eventually a portal between the two universes is established and travelling to an alternate universe becomes a controlled event.
 
Michael Lawrence's The Aldous Lexicon (2005–2007), comprising A Crack in the Line, Small Eternities and The Underwood See, concerns comings and goings between initially two, later many parallel realities.
 
In The Man Who Folded Himself (1973) by David Gerrold, paradoxes caused by time travel result in the creation of multiple universes.
 
In Mirror Dreams (2002) and Mirror Wakes (2003) by Catherine Webb, there are mirror universes, one a magical universe where technology barely works, the other a scientific universe where magic barely works. The inhabitants can physically visit each other's worlds in dreams.
 
In the Stravaganza series by Mary Hoffman various people travel between present-day England and an alternative, somewhat magical Renaissance Italy called Talia.
 
In the Alastair Reynolds novel Absolution Gap, (2003) a race called the "Shadows" drives the action. They claim to be from a parallel universe which has been overrun by a rogue terraforming system that has destroyed their entire universe. They have sent instructions to our world on how to build machinery to let them across. The characters eventually decide not to do so as a race which tried previously was wiped out by alien races aimed at stopping the Shadows. It is implied at the end that the Shadows are in fact from a future version of our own universe.
 
In The Divide trilogy by Elizabeth Kay (2002–2006), Felix Sanders crosses into a parallel universe where magic and magical beings exist while science and human beings are considered mythical.
 
Andrew Crumey's novel Mobius Dick (2004) features a parallel world in which Nazi Germany invaded Britain and Erwin Schrödinger failed to find the quantum theory equation that bears his name. The parallel worlds become connected due to experiments with quantum computers. The same alternate world (in which post-war Britain falls under Communist rule) also appears in his novels Music, in a Foreign Language (1994) and Sputnik Caledonia (2008).
 
In Darren Shan's Demonata series (2005) a boy can open windows to parallel worlds with his hands. A part of the story also plays in one of these parallel worlds, the Demonata.
 
Harry Turtledove's Crosstime Traffic series of books (2003–2008) by Harry Turtledove centers on an Earth that has discovered access to alternate universes where history went differently. "Crosstime Traffic" is the name of the company with a global monopoly on the technology.
 
Pet Force, a series of children's books by Jim Davis and a spinoff of Garfield, one of his comic strips. The series contains five novels and takes place in a parallel universe and features alternate versions of the comic strip's main characters.
 
Michael Crichton's Timeline (1999) tells the story of historians who travel to the Middle Ages to save a friend of theirs who already traveled back in time before them. The book follows in Crichton's long history of combining technical details and action in his books, addressing quantum physics and time travel. The time travel mechanism incorporates the concept of the multiverse.
 
Brad Fear's novel A Macabre Myth of a Moth-Man (2008) features a definition of "The Butterfly effect" just after the prologue, stating that the events of the book take place in an alternate version of the year 2001. It further explains that the 'defining moment' which caused this parallel universe was a polish scientist being stung by a bee in 1944. A new timeline stemmed from this event.
 
Mark Ian Kendrick" in the novel "The Rylerran Gateway" (2008) tells a story in which the protagonists go through a mysterious gateway to another Universe where, among other things, Spain defeated England under Philip II and became the higher power on Earth and in the Galaxy.
 
In Diana Tavares's Sacred Maiden novel, the characters fight a war that occurs between our world, the Scientific World, and the Mystical World, where all creatures of myth exist and live with magic, instead of technology.
 
Tonke Dragt's novel "The Towers of February" (De torens van februari) is a coming-of-age novel in diary form for young adults, about a boy who slowly discovers that his memory loss is due to having passed into a parallel universe. The reader slowly discovers that the book is not set in our world. The difficulty to travel between both worlds can be seen as symbolic for reaching adulthood and can be taken literal at the same time.
 
Greg Egan's Diaspora (novel) is a novel about sentient software intelligences living inside computer "polises" who undertake expeditions throughout the multiverse.
 
Alan Dean Foster's Spellsinger series concerns a 20th-century college student who finds himself transported to a world populated by sentient animals and featuring magic, which he learns how to perform himself through a guitar-like instrument.
 
Alan Dean Foster's Parallelities is a novel about a tabloid reporter whose interview subject inadvertently infects him with a condition making him shift between alternate versions of Los Angeles seemingly at random.
 
Richard Bach's One (2001) is a novel where Bach and his wife Leslie are catapulted into an alternate world, one in which they exist simultaneously in many different incarnations.
 
Michael Coney Charisma 1975 A murder mystery which involves the main character John Maine traveling to different parallel worlds, but the only worlds he can travel to are the ones in which his 'other self' is dead.
 
The protagonist of Roger Zelazny's Chronicles of Amber belongs to a royal family of magician-types whose principal distinguishing characteristic (aside from their fratricidal tendencies) is their ability to manipulate the stuff of Shadow. They acquire this ability by virtue of successfully negotiating an inscribed labyrinth called the Pattern, and are thereafter able to alter details of the world around them at will. These alterations are known as "walking in Shadow" and must be performed while in motion – i.e. while walking. The farther the desired Shadow-world lies from one's present reality, the more details need to be changed and the longer the walk. While there is only one true world – Amber, the royal family's seat, of which all other worlds are but reflections – there are an infinite number of Shadow worlds: As many worlds as it is possible to imagine. Thus, rather than a set of parallel universes separated by quantum events, Shadows actually constitute a multiverse of alternate realities centered on Amber. Zelazny reveals that events in these realities are sometimes able to affect each other; the borders in the circle of worlds closest to Amber are especially porous.
 
The conceit of Charles Stross's Merchant Princes series is that the ability to travel between worlds is a recessive trait possessed by a clan of narcotics runners (at least, that's the source of their wealth in the USA) who shuffle between their late-medieval world of origin and our own (the point of divergence seems to be in the early centuries B.C.E. – early enough that Christianity never took hold but Rome still fell and the northeast coast of North America has been settled by Norsemen who still swear by the Sky Father). The mechanism which facilitates the travel is a knotwork pattern – frequently engraved in lockets and tattooed on forearms for easy access, but the source is irrelevant; visual contact with the pattern itself causes the world-walker to translate to the other dimension (along with whatever they can carry on their backs, including other humans). The process of world-walking induces a splitting headache, is hazardous for pregnant women, and cannot be attempted more than perhaps twice or three times a day without risk of permanent injury or death. The Clan are the titular merchant princes whose monopoly on this ability has enabled them to rise to prominence in both of the worlds they inhabit. The Clan consists of Inner Family members, who possess two copies of the allele so can world-walk, and Outer Family members, who possess one copy of the relevant allele so cannot world-walk – but their children might. That's why the Clan keeps them around. The Clan is, of course, necessarily inbred to a much greater extent than populations in either the United States or the Gruinmarkt generally are. Up until recently it has been believed that the United States and the Gruinmarkt are the only two worlds there are – that is, the only two national entities to occupy the northeast chunk of the North American continent – but it has been discovered that this is not the case. This particular knotwork pattern allows the bearer to travel between the world of the Gruinmarkt and the USA. However, the slightest variation in the design will produce a different destination (it is implied that the greater the variation between designs, the greater the variation in endpoints – not all potential worlds have developed human civilization! or human beings). Moreover, the knots describe a vector relationship between worlds rather than a linear movement. This means that where a specific knot takes you depends not only on the design of the knot, but on your starting point. The same knot which, when starting in World A deposits you in World B, will NOT deposit you in World B if you are starting in World C. Instead, it will take you somewhere else, call it World D.
 
Olaf Stapledon's Star Maker describes God (called the Star Maker) evolving by creating many cosmoses, each more complex than the previous.
 
Jonas Samuelle’s Ghosts of a Tired Universe depicts an alternate earth that has been created and destroyed many times by two immortal men. The book’s protagonist travels into a parallel, metaphorical universe in order to find the power to save his world from yet another annihilation.
 
Den 4. parallel (2009-2011) (The 4th Parallel), a series of four novels by Norwegian writer Kjetil Johnsen. A parallel world where the infrastructure has collapsed and where America is struggling with war, each side of the war has built their own technology to come in contact with alternative timelines; one by sending a scanned version of a soldier to another reality where the original person will find itself in a new body, and another by establishing mental connection between the minds of different versions of the same person, allowing the numerous version to cooperate between the different worlds. Both sides has the same mission; to find and capture a 17 year old girl named Emma, who has been given the ability to jump between parallel worlds without any other tools than her own mind.
 
ENJOY YOUR READING

 

With instrumental originality, sound exploration, studio effects and extended improvisation as the central elements of psychedelic music, these songs were chosen by Sunday Freaks editors as the best examples that helped define the genre.
 
TOP 100 PSYCHEDELIC SONGS OF 60-s RECOMMENDED BY SUNDAY FREAK.
 
With instrumental originality, sound exploration, studio effects and extended improvisation as the central elements of psychedelic music, these songs were chosen by Sunday Freaks editors as the best examples that helped define the genre.
 
Impact & lasting influence were primary factors with lyrical content considered to a lesser degree. Those artists known specifically as vocal groups were excluded.
 
 
TOP 100 PSYCHEDELIC SONGS OF 60-s RECOMMENDED BY SUNDAY FREAK.
 
  1. Tomorrow Never Knows - The Beatles
  2. The American Metaphysical Circus - The United States of America
  3. Grace - Country Joe & The Fish
  4. Interstellar Overdrive - Pink Floyd
  5. Are You Experienced - Jimi Hendrix Experience
  6. At The Mountains of Madness - H.P. Lovecraft
  7. Strawberry Fields Forever - The Beatles
  8. Dark Star - Grateful Dead
  9. Bass Strings - Country Joe & The Fish
10. Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds - The Beatles
11. Spare Chaynge - Jefferson Airplane
12. Strange Days - The Doors
13. Other Side of The Sky - Gong
14. My White Bicycle - Tomorrow
15. Translucent Carriages - Pearls Before Swine
16. White Rabbit - Jefferson Airplane
17. Beacon From Mars - Kaleidoscope
18. Season of The Witch - Donovan
19. Venus In Furs - The Velvet Underground
20. Magoo - Country Joe & The Fish
21. Comin' Back To Me - Jefferson Airplane
22. Astronomy Domine - Pink Floyd
23. Feel Flows - The Beach Boys
24. The Parable of Arable Land - The Red Crayola
25. I Am The Walrus - The Beatles
26. Shifting Sands - West Coast Pop Art Experiemental Band
27. Horse Latitudes - The Doors
28. Bracelets of Fingers - The Pretty Things
29. The Red Telephone - Love
30. Electrallentando - H.P. Lovecraft
31. Castle In The Clouds - Gong
32. Zig Zag Wanderer - Captain Beefheart & The Magic Band
33. The Child Bride - Earth Opera
34. Section 43 - Country Joe & The Fish
35. Eight Miles High - The Byrds
36. I've Got Levitation - 13th Floor Elevators
37. Hallucinations - Tim Buckley
38. Still I'm Sad - The Yardbirds
39. Maiden of The Cancer Moon - Quicksilver Messenger Service
40. Dear Mr Fantasy - Traffic
41. 1906 - West Coast Pop Art Experimental Band
42. The Ballad of Freddie & Harry - Clear Light
43. Itchycoo Park - Small Faces
44. Nightfall - The Incredible String Band
45. Keep Your Mind Open - Kaleidoscope
46. Hurdy Gurdy Glissando - Steve Hillage
47. Cloud Song - The United States of America
48. Sky Pilot - Eric Burdon & The Animals
49. Mind Gardens - The Byrds
50. Oxo - Bruce Palmer
51. Mechanical World - Spirit
52. Dancing Madly Backwards - Captain Beyond
53. Set The Controls For The Heart of The Sun - Pink Floyd
54. Heaven Is In Your Mind - Traffic
55. And The Gods Made Love - Jimi Hendrix Experience
56. Orange & Red Beams - Eric Burdon & The Animals
57. Ether Ships - Steve Hillage
58. Leiyla - West Coast Pop Art Experimental Band
59. Creation - The Incredible String Band
60. Rack My Mind - The Yardbirds
61. White Bird - It's a Beautiful Day
62. In My First Mind - Steve Miller Band
63. Splash, Now I'm Home - 13th Floor Elevators
64. Two Weeks Last Summer - Dave Cousins
65. See Emily Play - Pink Floyd
66. A Child's Smile - Clear Light
67. And I Wish I Were Stoned - Caravan
68. The Beauty of Time Is That It's Snowing - Steve Miller Band
69. Yoo Doo Right - Can
70. Now Your Time Has Come - Tomorrow
71. Joy of a Toy - Soft Machine
72. Images of April - Pearls Before Swine
73. Paper Sun - Traffic
74. Rosemary - Grateful Dead
75. I'm Five Years Ahead of My Time - Third Bardo
76. Ritual #1 - West Coast Pop Art Experimental Band
77. Just The Thought - Eric Burdon & The Animals
78. Paranoia #2 - Hawkwind
79. Flashback - Moving Sidewalks
80. Death By Fire - Earth Opera
81. Magic Man - Caravan
82. Pat's Song - Country Joe & The Fish
83. Lather - Jefferson Airplane
84. You're Gonna Miss Me - 13th Floor Elevators
85. Walking Thru My Dreams - The Pretty Things
86. Medication - The Chocolate Watch Band
87. Roller Coaster - 13th Floor Elevators
88. Time Has Come Today - The Chambers Brothers
89. Armenia City in The Sky - The Who
90. Green of My Pants - The Red Crayola
91. Fantasy - Fifty Foot Hose
92. A Question of Temperature - The Balloon Farm
93. She Comes In Colors - Love
94. Iron Butterfly Theme - Iron Butterfly
95. Alice In Blunderland - Captain Beefheart & The Magic Band
96. Piece For Piano & Electric Bass Guitar - The Red Crayola
97. 10,000 Words In a Cardboard Box - Aquarian Age
98. Upside Down - Hawkwind
99. Madman Running Through The Fields - Dantalian's Chariot
100. The Spiritual Death of Howard Greer - Touch
And now we publish our own selection of the books, highly recommended to those who want to expand and open their consciousness without any drugs. Psychedelic literature gives you the main thing you are seeking through years of experience- THE KNOWLEDGE!
Happy reading!
 
PSYCHEDELIC LIBRARY
LSD My Problem Child - Albert Hofmann
Be Here Now - Ram Dass
Pihkal: A Chemical Love Story - Alexander Shulgin, Ann Shulgin
LSD - Otto Snow
The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test - Tom Wolfe
Sacred Mushroom of Visions - Ralph Metzner
Psychedelic Prayers: And Other Meditations - Timothy Leary
Your Brain Is God - Timothy Leary
High Priest - Timothy Leary
The Psychedelic Experience: A Manual Based on the Tibetan Book of the Dead - Timothy Leary
The Invisible Landscape - Terence McKenna, Dennis McKenna
Thr Archaic Revival - Terence McKenna
True Hallucinations - Terence McKenna
Food of the Gods - Terence McKenna
Naked Lunch - William S. Burroughs
The Crying of Lot 49 - Thomas Pynchon
Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas - Hunter S. Thompson
The Doors Of Perception - Aldous Huxley
Advanced Techniques of Clandestine Psychedelic & Amphetamine Manufacture - Uncle Fester
Adventures Beyond the Body - William Buhlman
Animals and Psychedelics - Rob Montgomery , Giorgio Samorini
The Shaman & Ayahuasca - Don Jose Campos, Geraldine Overton, Alberto Roman, Charles Grob
Ayahuasca Visions - Pablo Amaringo, Luis Luna
Sacred Vine of Spirits : Ayahuasca - Ralph Metzner
The Cosmic Serpent: DNA and the Origins of Knowledge - Jeremy Narby
DMT: The Spirit Molecule - Rick Strassman
Shedding the Layers - Mark Flaherty
The Ayahuasca Diaries - Caspar Greeff
Fishers of Men - Adam Elenbaas
Heavenly Highs - Peter Stafford
Pineal Gland & Third Eye - Dr. Jill Ammon-Wexler
Supernatural - Graham Hancock
Inner Paths to Outer Space - Rick Strassman
The Psychedelic Explorer's Guide - James Fadiman
Tripping with Allah: Islam, Drugs, and Writing - Michael Muhammad Knight
Hallucinogens: A Reader - Charles S. Grob
The Long Trip: A Prehistory of Psychedelia - Paul Devereux
One Pill Makes You Smaller - Lisa Dierbeck
The Chemistry of Mind-Altering Drugs - Daniel M. Perrine
Peyote and Other Psychoactive Cacti - Adam Gottlieb
Peyote : The Divine Cactus - Edward F. Anderson
The Hummingbird's Journey to God: Perspectives on San Pedro - Ross Heaven
Plant Spirit Shamanism - Ross Heaven, Howard G. Charing
Plants of the Gods - Richard Evans Schultes, Albert Hofmann, Christian Ratsch
Psilocybin Mushroom Handbook - L. G Nicholas, Kerry Ogame
Psychedelic Monographs & Essays - Thomas Lyttle
The Psychedelic Sacrament - Dan Merkur
Off the Wall: Psychedelic Rock Posters from San Francisco - Jean Pierre Criqui
Mushrooms and Mankind - James Arthur
The Psychedelic Future of the Mind - Thomas B. Roberts
The Psychedelic Renaissance - Dr Ben Sessa
The New Science of Psychedelics - David Jay Brown
Brotherhood of the screaming abyss - Dennis McKenna
Psychedelic Shamanism - Jim DeKorne
Psychedelic Trips for the Mind - Paul Krassner
Psychedelics Encyclopedia by Peter Stafford
Sacred Plant Medicine : The Wisdom in Native American Herbalism - Stephen Harrod Buhner
Soma : Divine Mushroom of Immortality - R. Gordon Wasson
Persephone's Quest - R. Gordon Wasson, Stella Kramrisch, Carl Ruck, Jonathan Ott
The Great Shark Hunt : Strange Tales from a Strange Time - Hunter S. Thompson
Sisters of the Extreme - Various
Cosmic Trigger I : Final Secret of the Illuminati - Robert Anton Wilson
What the Dormouse Said - John Markoff
The Road of Excess : A History of Writers on Drugs - Marcus Boon
The Joyous Cosmology : Adventures in the Chemistry of Conciousness - Alan Watts
The Road to Eleusis - R. Gordon Wasson, Albert Hofmann
Are You Experienced ? - Ken Johnson
The Secret Chief - Myron J. Stolaroff
The Natural Mind - Andrew T. Weil M.D.
Earth Ascending - Ph.D. Jose Arguelles
States of Consciousness - Charles Tart
The Private Sea : LSD & the Search for God - William Braden
Transfiguration - Alex Grey
Storming Heaven : LSD and the American Dream - Jay Stevens
The Teachings of Don Juan ( series ) - Carlos Castaneda
Psychedelic : Optical and Visionary Art since the 1960s - David Rubin
Tryptamine Palace : 5-MeO-DMT and the Sonoran Desert Toad - James Oroc
Electrical Banana : Masters of Psychedelic Art - Norman Hathaway, Daniel Nadel
The Man with Kaleidoscope Eyes : The Art of Alan Aldridge - Alan Aldridge
Art of the Dead - Phil Cushway
High Art : A History of the Psychedelic Poster - Ted Owen
Sex, Rock 'n' Roll & Op. Illusions - Victor Moscoso
Visionary Plant Consciousness - J. P. Harpignies
Yellow Submarine.. the Beatles (hardcover) - Charlie Gardner
Hallucinogenic Plants (A Golden Guide) - Richard Evans Schultes, Elmer W. Smith
Ecstasy : The MDMA Story - Bruce Eisner, Peter Stafford, Stanley Krippner
Codex Seraphinianus - Luigi Serafini
Art Forms in Nature - Ernst Haeckel
Salvia Divinorum : Doorway to Thought Free Awareness - J. D. Arthur
Mushroom Wisdom : How Shamans Cultivate Spiritual Consciousness - Martin W. Ball
Ayahuasca in My Blood : 25 Years of Medicine Dreaming - Peter Gorman
Ayahuasca Reader - Luis Eduardo Luna, Steven F. White
Cleansing the Doors of Perception - Huston Smith
Sacred Mushrooms : Secrets of Eleusis - Carl A. P. Ruck
Etidorpha The End of Earth - John Uri Lloyd
Psychedelic Healing - Neal M. Goldsmith
Decoding Eternal Tales : Psychedelic Art of John Thompson - John Thompson
Global Tribe : Technology, Spirituality and Psytrance - Graham St. John
Orange Sunshine - Nicholas Schou
The Art of Peter Max - Charles A. Riley, Peter Max
Illuminatus - Robert Venosa
LSD Psychotherapy - Stanislav Grof
The Futurological Congress : From the Memoirs of Ijon Tichy - Stanislaw Lem
Grudge Punk - John McNee
Vurt / Pollen - Jeff Noon
Visions of a Huichol Shaman - Peter T. Furst
The Shaman's Mirror : Visionary Art of the Huichol
Trout's Notes on San Pedro & Related Trichocereus Species - Keeper of the Trout
Left in the Dark - Tony Wright, Graham Gynn
Entangled - Graham Hancock
Enter Through the Image - L. Caruana
The Art of the Fillmore : 1966-1971 - Gayle Lemke, Bill Graham
Memoirs of an ExHippie : Seven Years in the Counterculture - Robert A. Roskind
This is a special area of top secret information from the Past, Present and Future of Goa Freaks World. Top Psychedelic non-fiction Books
 
John Higgs is a journalist, television writer and producer and author. His latest book, I Have America Surrounded: The Life of Timothy Leary, published by the Friday Project, is the first full biography of the pioneer of psychedelic drugs.
Recently he had published his Top 10 Psychedelic Books list. Today we present it to your attention:
 
1. The Doors of Perception by Aldous Huxley
Huxley's account of his experiments with mescaline in the 1950s make psychedelic use sound like a perfectly reasonable and admirable pursuit which would bring credit to any middle class gentleman. Huxley never wrote a dull sentence in his life and this is certainly one of his best works. If its influence of the likes of Timothy Leary or Jim Morrison is considered, then it could easily be his most culturally important book.
2. The Great Shark Hunt by Hunter S Thompson
Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas is usually considered Thompson's best work, but I much prefer The Great Shark Hunt. It's a huge book, a collection of the best of his journalism from the 60s and 70s, and it shows that Thompson had a far greater range than his later reputation suggests. His essay about Hemingway's death, in which he tried to understand why such a once-vibrant man ended up blowing his brains out in small town America, is particularly poignant following Thompson's suicide.
3. The Electric Kool-aid Acid Test by Tom Wolfe
This is Wolfe's account of life with Ken Kesey, the Merry Pranksters and the birth of the American west coast psychedelic movement. Wolfe knew that a detached, even-handed journalistic approach could never really explain what was happening, so he gave his book the same psychedelic viewpoint as his characters. The result is a wonderful piece of writing. For those of us who weren't born in the 60s, this is probably the closest we can get to experiencing it.
4. High Priest by Timothy Leary
Leary was a prolific writer, producing over 30 books and hundreds of essays and papers. I've chosen his autobiographical High Priest (1968) for this list as I think it is one of his most accomplished pieces of writing. It captures both the drug experience and the sense of discovery so well; the moment a scientist realises that the implications of their work are so huge that their life will never be the same again.
5. Sisters of the Extreme: Women writing on the drug experience by Cynthia Palmer and Michael Horowitz
Psychedelic use is split fairly evenly between the men and women, but the desire to write about and try to explain the experience is a predominantly male trait. Certainly every other book in this top ten is from a male author, which is why this book so important. It sheds light on the otherwise hidden half of the psychedelic experience.
 
6. The Long Trip: A Prehistory of Psychedelia by Paul Devereux
Devereux's impressive and thorough trawl through prehistory will be an eye-opener for anyone who thought drug use was a modern phenomenon. Devereux demonstrates that this point in history is a strange quirk in the human story, a rare time where we don't have a structure for incorporating psychedelic use into our society. If nothing else, it will make you view your ancestors in a different light!
 
7. DMT: The Spirit Molecule by Rick Strassman, MD
The medical profession has written little about psychedelics since Timothy Leary, which makes this book all the more valuable. DMT, a natural chemical produced by the human brain, is a hallucinogen so powerful that it makes LSD look like lager shandy. DMT throws up some very big questions about the workings of the brain, consciousness and about the world at large, and Strassman does not shy from these. For those who think that one day science will have all the answers, this book shows just how clueless we still are.
 
8. Cosmic Trigger: Final Secret of the Illuminati Volume 1 by Robert Anton Wilson
The usual medical warning about psychedelic use is that it is dangerous for anyone with latent or undiagnosed neurotic or schizophrenic disorders. Perhaps a more important warning would be that psychedelic use can trigger an onslaught of utterly weird synchronicities which leave the user in a world that has seemingly gone totally crazy, while they still feel perfectly sane. Robert Anton Wilson describes this situation better than anyone, and this sanity-bashing account of his personal journey through what he calls 'Chapel Perilous' is one of his best works. Anti-drug campaigners should distribute this book in schools, and ask children if they could handle that much madness.
 
9. Bill Hicks: Agent of Evolution by Kevin Booth and Michael Bertin
Psychedelics are often thought to have faded in influence after the mid 70s, but this is not the case. Instead, they became more subtly integrated into people's lives, to the degree that they didn't overshadow an individual's other interests or achievements. Bill Hicks is a good example. Although he frequently talked about his psychedelic use on stage he is not generally labelled as just a 'drugs comic', and I suspect that my inclusion of this book in this list will surprise a few people. This honest biography by his close friend Kevin Booth shows how integral psychedelics were to his life and, ultimately, his legacy.
 
10. What the Dormouse Said: How the Sixties Counterculture Shaped the Personal Computer Industry by John Markoff
This is significant because it is one of the first books to look at the legacy that the psychedelic movement of the 60s left behind. Many people will be surprised by the debt the idea of a 'personal computer' owes to psychedelics, the significance of the geographical location of Silicon Valley on the San Franciscan peninsula, or why Steve Jobs would say that taking LSD was one of the "two or three most important things" he has ever done. An impressive account of recent history.
 
11. The Road of Excess by Brian Barritt
A psychedelic top 10, of course, goes up to 11, which allows me to include Barritt's autobiography. One of Timothy Leary's lovers recently told me that she thought this book had the greatest descriptions of acid trips ever written, and she may well be right. This is a piece of literature that has clearly never been within a hundred yards of a copy editor, and it is all the better for it. Words just spill forth with no interest in grammar, coherence or where the narrative is going, but it possesses such an innate wit and swagger that it is a complete joy from start to finish. Psychedelia in its purest form, studded with flashes of brilliance.
 
 
 
 
The Psychedelic Dictionary: Psychedelia and Entheogenia
The following article was written by Ido Hartogsohn. He is an Israeli writer and psychedelic activist. His first book ‘Technomystica: Consciousness in the Age of Technology’ was published (Hebrew) in 2009. Hartogsohn is currently writing his Ph.D. on the role of set and setting in the psychedelic research of the 1950s and the 1960s.
“Psychedelics” and “Entheogens” are two names for the same group of psychoactive compounds (usually referred to as “psychedelics”). These two terms delineate two very different perspectives on the proper way to use these psychoactive compounds.

“Psychedelic” is a term which was invented by the British psychiatrist Humphry Osmond in 1957, during a correspondence with Aldous Huxley, as the two were trying to find a new designation for the psychopharmacological  group of substances which included compounds such as mescaline, LSD, and the psilocybin (found in magic mushrooms). The new name was supposed to replace terms such as “psychotomimetics” (psychosis-mimicking drugs) or “hallucinogens”, two term which were deemed biased and misleading since they falsely present the type of experiences to be had with psychedelics as pathological or conversely as imaginary and without relation to reality. The etymology of the word “psychedelic” is in the two Greek words: “psyche” (mind) and “delos” (manifesting).

“Entheogenic” is a term whose meaning in Greek is “generating the divine within”. It is used to refer to the same group of substances as “psychedelic”. This term was coined in 1979 by a group of researchers which included prominent figures of psychedelic scholarship such as classicist Carl Ruck, ethnobotanist Richard Evans Schultes and mycologist R. Gordon Wasson. The neologism was introduced due to a general feeling that the term “psychedelic” has become too strongly identified with the excessive drug culture of the 1960s and damages the unbiased discourse about traditional or religious use of “psychedelics” within a shamanic or spiritual context.

Ever since the invention of the term “entheognic”, the two words have come to designate two different approaches in regards to the proper ways to experiment with the same group of plants and molecules. While the first one relates to mostly free-style experimentation, the other relates to experiences in which religious intention plays a fundamental role.

Psychedelia and entheogenia are complementary in many ways. Both are ways to increase our understanding of the universe and of ourselves; To live more fully, to love and to appreciate. And yet, they are both are fundamentally different paths, defined by fundamentally different attitudes and style. For example, many of those who support entheogenic work (i.e. shamanic or ceremonial use of power plants), discourage the “psychedelic” use of such substances as irresponsible and lacking respect. At the same time, many of those who champion the psychedelic approach regard the entheogenic approach to be too ceremonial, maybe even dogmatic, or just prefer to experiment freely without any ceremonial restraints.

In this essay I would like to examine the roots of these two approaches and assert that despite the major differences, these two approaches can actually complement each other, enrich each other, and give birth to a balanced fertile path for the use of psychedelics.

The psychedelic element
The psychedelic element is chaotic. Psychedelic use nourishes itself on colorful and often surprising interactions between the drug experience and the external world. These are the qualities which make it so interesting. The psychedelic path is epitomized in the figures of Ken Kesey, Stephen Gaskin and Hunter S. Thompson who turned the hallucinating exploration of reality into a form of art. In its root lies a basic call for psychonautic adventure, for a breathless and sometimes even frightening journey into the visionary worlds of consciousness and the symbolic bowels of the world around.

The psychedelic element has a strong relation to liminal states of consciousness, and in this respect those who called the psychedelics “psychotomimetics” or “psychosis-mimicking drugs” were right. This was conceded even by the greatest opponents of the psychotomimetic hypothesis such as Huxley and Leary.[2] However, in contrast to those psychotomimetic scientists who viewed these substances as psychosis mimicking and little else, for Huxley, Osmond, Leary and the other psychedelic researchers, the psychosis-like phenomena which were sometimes part of the psychedelic experience, were of essential meaning, but one to be overcome and transcended. The phenomena also held an important lesson about the nature of madness. As Allan Watts writes in his essay about the psychedelic experience, “The Joyous Cosmology”: “No one is more dangerously insane than one who is sane all the time: he is like a steel bridge without flexibility, and the order of his life is rigid and brittle”. Only the person who understands the meaning of madness, who knows what it means to be insane, can be truly sane. Only the person who understands the depths of insanity can choose sanity in its deepest sense, whereas the sanity of the person who refuses to gaze at insanity is nothing more than a thin and brittle shell under which lies a deep abyss.

The Entheogenic Element
The entheogenic element is centered. In contrast to psychedelic experimentation the entheogenic work is ceremonial and focused around prayer, meditation or healing processes. It takes place in a sheltered environment and often with the guidance or company of other experienced voyagers or healers. Thus, entheogenic work tends to be safer than the sometimes chaotic psychedelic experimentation.

Entheogenia is a boot camp for psychedelia. It Is the school in which one learns the discipline. It gives one tools and techniques for work with psychedelics. It strengthens one, teaches proper ways to work with psychedelics, and deepens one’s knowledge of them. It turns them into allies in the sense meant by Castaneda: it gives a person a safe and sacred environment in which he is able to get to know these substances, to know himself, to become firmer and develop knowledge – a knowledge which enables one to be stronger later when he is in the midst of the psychedelic battle, because he has developed firmness, knowledge and power.  

Chaos vs. Order
Psychedelia is characterized by a greater amount of freedom in comparison to entheogenia. Psychedelia allows one to experiment with a wider scope of activities, than the entheogenic ceremony which has a singular and permanent center: to be able to converse with friends,  walk around in nature, write,  read, draw, watch a movie and perhaps also to put yourself in more extreme surroundings such as colorful parties, the streets of the city, or say a circus.

While entheogenia is a focused, takes place in a controlled environment and is characterized by a well-known and regular order (a shamanic ceremony, or a book of hymns such as those used by many contemporary ayahuasca groups and religions) and seeks to avoid unforeseen distractions, psychedelic use is characterized by its openness to unforeseeable elements, sometimes even it chaoticness. The psychedelic path is one in which the magical state of consciousness unleashed by psychedelics is interfaced with the external (and internal) worlds. Psychedelics act as consciousness fermenting agents, as a kind of magnifying/diminishing/distorting glass which transforms colors, sounds, thoughts, ideas, smells, emotions and what not, and which is used to gain a new perspective on the external and internal world to create an immense variety of experiences.

Psychedelia is the DJ who uses up everyday elements and mixes them into exciting new cosmic combinations. It confronts the unknown and synthesizes novel structures of experience with unforeseeable results: eating mushrooms in a park with your friends and achieving new levels of interpersonal intimacy; Going to the cinema after eating a trip to watch a 3D film and enter a parallel world; Visiting the town where you grew up after many years escorted by a molecule which makes you reevaluate your childhood, your roots and who you are. Then maybe even go to the shopping mall under the influence and get shocked but also understand consumer culture on a whole new level.

The psychedelic state is a state of stimulation. We need stimulation, especially when we are immersed in monotonous everyday existence which leads to apathy. The psychedelic wake-up call frees one for the everyday banality of the domesticated consumer-citizen of late capitalism, thus supplying a basis for deep exploration of inner and outer identity, of world and cosmos. However, the stimulation inherent in the psychedelic experience is also its more dangerous aspect: Excessively rapid and violent jolts might unstitch the frail seams of the psyche. Too intensive psychedelic work with not enough intention, rootedness and processing time can lead to the eruption of a crisis.

Entheogenia functions as a balancing and anchoring element for psychedelia. Both are in a sense a kind of yin and yang: opposing forces or paths which complement each other and give those who stride their course a full way of life in balancing the cosmic elements of chaos and order.

Transcendence vs. Immanence
While entheogenia is focused on creating a a connection with the god-light of oneness, to a transcendental experience,[4] psychedelia is aimed at connecting with the divine within the world, with immanence.

The entheogenic experience is a ceremonial experience which turns its gaze towards infinity/the white light/ensof. It’s highest goal (Even though it is not always achieved or even sought after) is the dissolution of the ego and it’s boundaries and unification with the God/Spirit/the divine through mediation or prayer (Uniomytica). Entheogens act as an accessory to prayer, meditation and healing which allows one to pray or meditate more deeply, powerfully and meaningfully – opening the path to unification with God in a way which is otherwise unavailable to those who are not part of the rare few born with the natural proclivities of mystics, as described by William James in his Varieties of Religious Experience.[5]

The psychedelic experience, in comparison, is more focused in the experience of the world in which we live. It is a re-living, a boosted, enriched re-experience of the things which you already know in the world, and which now gain new meaning and magic. Understanding your relations with a closer person in a new way, understanding art in a new way, relating to nature in a new way, relating to your body in a new way, relating to yourself in a new way. Psychedelia allows one to see every aspect of reality with fresh eyes. It allows one to inject deeper knowledge and imagination into the everyday life in ways which can foster growth.

While the entheogenic experience is often focused in the relation with the unity of things, the psychedelic experience is often related to the experience of the many. Whereas the entheogenic experience is basically a spiritual experience, the psychedelic experience is to a great extent a cultural experience.[6]

The Golden Path
Some people will always prefer psychedelic experiences over entheogenic rituals, while others  will feel the opposite way. These differences are to a great extent the result of differences in temperament and style. Psychedelic people are often wilder, more anarchic  in nature, less discriminating about using chemicals and non-psychedelic drugs and will demand a more spontaneous, flexible relation to the drug experience. Entheogenic people, in contrast often tend to have a more rooted style of life, with a more structured and regular form of spirituality, and are guided by firm principles about the proper way to use entheogens (which they will never call drugs, but “medicines”). In a way, one could say that psychedelia represents the secular, cultural aspects of the drug experience while entheogenia represents the spiritual aspects.

From my personal perspective it is recommendable for any psychedelic person to explore the entheognic world at some stage in his life (given the opportunity to do entheogenic work with honest experienced people). The entheogenic element is to my mind crucial in preventing the banalization of the psychedelic experience, which might become repetitive and aimless without the clear line supplied by entheogenia. The entheogenic element functions as a balancing force which guards one from the too violent jolts and shakes which sometimes occur due to intensive psychedelic use.

It is hard for me to say whether it is recommendable for every entheogenic person to explore the psychedelic path. While a psychedelic person would normally have no basic principals which prohibit from participating in an entheogenic experience, the religious character of entheogenia sometimes prohibits “recreational use” of psychedelics. The use of power plants for non explicitly religious purposes might seem as sacrilege. Maria Sabina, the legendary shaman who led Gordon Wasson on his first mushroom experience in the Mexican Oaxaca mountains in Mexico in 1955 claimed that after the westerns flocked the area in search of the mushrooms, the mushrooms had lost their power. This can be a valid reason to make a distinction and avoid using a plant with whom we work ritually for recreational purposes. The entheogenic approach to the sacred power plants is imbued with so much delicacy, love and awe that it is worthy of protecting. Truly sacred values, ideas and objects are so rare in this chaotic postmodern world in which we live, that preserving them demands a devout relationship of love and respect, so that they remain this way. For this reason for example many of those who drink Ayahuasca in ceremonial setting would never drink it at home, even though they might do that with mushrooms.[7] However, in my opinion the importance of spiritual work does not categorically negate the validity and importance of the wild psychedelic experience in the style of Kesey, Gaskin and Hunter S. Thompson. That kind of idea, although it might be more politically acceptable, actually ushers in a kind of psychopharmacological Puritanism which many of the proponents of the psychedelic experience such as Leary and McKenna warned us against.[8] And anyway, it is clear than many people have a deep-felt need for both aspects.
Published in NEWS Archives
Monday, 04 February 2013 06:23

Psychedelic Books Collection

1. THE MYTH OF ADDICTION and DRUGSPEAK by John Booth Davies
    "The Myth of Addiction is an immensely readable, provocative text which is fast becoming a classic. It is a book which anyone aspiring to present a new structure to explain drug use must take into account. As a result of the publication of The Myth of Addiction, it is no longer possible to talk the language of addiction—disease, having to have, compulsion, loss of control, expurgation of guilt—without sensing the presence of John Davies looking on and forcing the question, 'what exactly do I think I am trying to explain?'" —Douglas Cameron, University of Leicester. Second edition, ©1997 by OPA, Harwood Academic Publishers.
 
    2. THE MEANING OF ADDICTION by Stanton Peele
    The Meaning of Addiction presents an entire non-reductive, experiential model of addiction. It is the standard reference showing that addiction can never be resolved to its biochemical components, as the NIDA and NIMH are currently attempting to prove. "Stanton Peele writes so clearly and cogently that his scholarship and erudition remain continuously intriguing, adding to the readability of a volume that will become a classic contribution to the field." (Jules Masserman, Past President, American Psychiatric Association.) ©1985 by D.C. Heath and Company

    3. RELIGIONS, VALUES, AND PEAK-EXPERIENCES by Abraham H. Maslow
    "Traditionally, religion has been of the spirit; science, of the body; and there has been a wide philosophic gulf between the knowledge of the body and the knowledge of the spirit. The natural sciences and religion have generally been considered as natural and eternal opponents. Abraham H. Maslow here articulates one of his prominent theses: the "religious" experience is a rightful subject for scientific investigation and speculation and, conversely, the "scientific community" will see its work enhanced by acknowledging and studying the species-wide need for spiritual expression which, in so many forms, is at the heart of "peak-experiences" reached by healthy, fully functioning persons."
 
    4. STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS by Charles T. Tart
    Stanislav Grof said of this book, "A beautiful piece of work on the theory of Altered States of Consciousness that will become a classic in the field." First published in 1975, States of Consciousness appears in The Psychedelic Library by permission of the author. ©1975 by Charles T. Tart.
 
    5. THE CENTER OF THE UNIVERSE by William S. Moxley
    "A Theory of Psychedelic Experience" by William S. Moxley. Drawing upon recent research in many fields of study, this work represents the first multi-disciplinary theory attempting to define the nature, cause, roots, and future of psychedelic experience. Published for the first time in the Drug Reform Coordination Network Internet Library. HTML edition, copyright 1996 WSM.
 
    6. THE PRIVATE SEA: LSD AND THE SEARCH FOR GOD by William Braden
    Published in 1967, Albert Hofmann wrote of this book, "...a true intellectual pleasure...you certainly penetrated deeply into the roots of the LSD problem and have presented its many-sided aspects and its relationship to present intellectual trends well and with a thorough knowledge of the subject."
 
    7. HIGH IN AMERICA by Patrick Anderson
    "The True Story Behind NORMAL and the Politics of Marijuana". Published by The Viking Press, New York, ©1981 by Patrick Anderson. Reproduced in The Psychedelic Library with the permission of the author.
 
 
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